The Sanctuaries for Witch-hunt Victims in Northern Ghana

  • Felix Riedel Witch-hunt Victims Empowerment Project (WHVEP)

Abstract

Witch-hunts in Ghana’s Northern Region occur mainly among neighbours and members of the extended family. Triggers for accusations are disease, death and accidents. With many exceptions, the accused are postmenopausal women. Accusers include children, women and men alike. Witch-hunts do only ocassionally target specific behaviour or deviancy: they are registered as accidental and “unjust” by almost all victims. Most accusations disrupted productive relationship and reaped no benefit for the accusers. Victims are often tortured to produce confessions. The accusers rely on dreams for singling out the accused, while the latter are then forced to chicken- and potion-ordeals at diverse shrines to determine their guilt or innocence. Exorcisms include potions and shaving. Today, about 800 victims of witchcraft-accusations live in nine sanctuaries for witchhunt-victims to dodge further accusations and lynchings. While diverse in character, eight of the nine sanctuaries adhere to an earth-shrine-complex typical for Northern Ghana and beyond. Social work with the victims and educational campaigns by NGO’s are well-tried and promising, but governmental malpractice and media attention have reaped mixed results so far.

Author Biography

Felix Riedel, Witch-hunt Victims Empowerment Project (WHVEP)

Studied Ethnology in Marburg, Germany with a focus on witch-hunts, media and the anthropology of violence. His postgraduate research includes interviews with 160 victims of witch-hunts during nine month of repeated participative observation. Other publications concerned child-witch-hunts, medical anthropology, cyberfraud, anti-Semitism, jihadism and critical theory. Since 2009 co-founding of and fundraising for the Witch-hunt Victims Empowerment Project (WHVEP). E-mail: info@felixriedel.net.

Published
2018-06-12
How to Cite
RIEDEL, Felix. The Sanctuaries for Witch-hunt Victims in Northern Ghana. Modern Africa: Politics, History and Society, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 29-60, june 2018. ISSN 2570-7558. Available at: <http://edu.uhk.cz/africa/index.php/ModAfr/article/view/220>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.26806/modafr.v6i1.220.